American Knowledge was presented into Nigeria in the 1840s. It started in Lagos, Calabar and other coastal cities. In a few years schooling in English language slowly needed roots in the Nigeria. Throughout the Colonial years, Great Britain didn’t promote education. The colleges were setup and operated by Religious Missionaries. The British colonial government just financed several schools. The plan of the us government was to provide offer to vision schools as opposed to develop the system.
In the northern element of Nigeria, that has been predominantly Muslim filled, Western-style knowledge was prohibited. The religious leaders did not want the missionaries interfering with Islam. That gave method to establishing Islamic school that targeted primarily on the Islamic education. Nowadays, adult literacy has been projected to be around 78 per cent for men and 64 % for women. These data were created centered on calculate literacy in English. That excludes the literacy in Arabic among northern Muslims. It is therefore perhaps not erroneous to call Nigeria a nation dominated with educated persons.
Just before Nigeria’s independence, Nigeria had only two established Post-secondary Institution. Yaba Higher university (founded in 1934, Today Yaba School of Technology) and the College of Ibadan was launched in 1948. It was then a University of the College of London until 2 yrs after the liberty when she turned autonomous. More distinguished universities such as School of Nigeria, Obafemi Awolowo University (formerly School of Ife), Ahmadu Bello School and Mohood Abiola Kashimawo School (formerly College of Lagos) were created in the decades that followed the Independence.
In 1970s more universities were created such as College of Benin (founded in 1970), and new university exposed in Calabar, Ilorin, Jos, Port Harcourt, Sokoto and Maiduguri. In the 1980s, more universities were exposed as well as institute specializing in Agriculture and Technology. Numerous Polytechnics were also exposed, which include the Yaba School of Technology in Lagos and Kaduna Polytechnics.
In 1980, the estimated enrollment in the primary schools was 12 million, Secondary and complex colleges 1.2 million, teachers schools 240,000 and Universities 75,000. You might assume that with this calculate, the Nigerian training in Nigeria three years following could have considerably improved. However the reverse has been the case.
The present decline in the Nigerian education program can be traced back again to the 1980s and 1990s. Then there clearly was a lack of qualified educators, the several competent educators weren’t paid in a regular manner. How many schools didn’t grow with the people and most of the active schools were inadequately financed leading to bad maintenance. In the Universities insufficient funding generated the lack of space and resources. Upsurge in tuition charge often resulted in riots leading to termination of semesters. Industrial measures by the University Team seeking for higher salaries and better functioning conditions also compounded the situations. But, today governors generally in most state are addressing these issues jamb runs.
The harm to the instructional program has been done. Many graduates lack the mandatory success and cultural abilities which should have been trained in schools. These have generated many disastrous situations in the nation. The biggest market of the nation’s development “the Education process” no longer keeps value; ergo the whole state is slipping apart. Products and services of the Nigeria training system are not employable, causing substantial unemployment and under-development in the country. Number success abilities ultimately causing increased poverty charge in the country.
The specific situation however isn’t completely hopeless. The foundation of training in Nigeria upon which the Europeans installed the western-style knowledge is strong. It’s handled to put on the instructional process of the nation together through the problem days. But, if remaining unattended, we shall all join Chinua Achebe and exclaim: Things falter, The middle cannot hold… Anarchy is placed forth everywhere.